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Renovation should be a last resort. When pastures are mismanaged, soil compaction and weed infestations are a result. The initial choice is often to work up the soil and renovate the pasture with desirable forage species. However, unless the pasture management plan changes for the better, landowners typically end up with the same problems in just a few, short years. Give some thought to an overall management plan, before investing the time, money and energy in renovation.
Pasture and Hayland Renovation for Western Washington and Oregon - Pasture and hayland renovation is a tricky business. Proper weed and nutrient management, seedbed preparation, and seed selection are important prior to the actual planting date. This renovation guide reviews the decisions that need to be made for a successful planting project.
Selecting the proper grass species that fit the property's soil type is one important step in determining a renovation plan. Here are publications that include recommended seeding rates of primary forage grasses in Oregon.
Annual Ryegrass (note: publication is out of date, so some recommendations may no longer be valid) - Annual ryegrass is a coolseason annual bunchgrass native to southern Europe. It is closely related to perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Both are widely distributed throughout the world, including North and South America, Europe, New Zealand, and Australia.
Perennial Ryegrass - Perennial ryegrass also called English ryegrass, is a cool-season perennial bunchgrass native to Europe, temperate Asia, and North Africa. It is widely distributed throughout the world, including North and South America, Europe, New Zealand, and Australia.
Tall Fescue - Tall fescue is a perennial, cool-season bunchgrass that is grown for pasture, hay, and silage. Native to Europe and North Africa, it was introduced from Europe to North and South America.
Orchard Grass - Orchardgrass is native to western and central Europe, but has been grown in North America for more than 200 years. In the 1830s, settlers in western Virginia recognized the forage value of shadetolerant D. glomerata plants growing in an orchard.
Forage Information System Website - Additional information about forage species, characteristics and yield trial data is available on the Forage Information System website.