Other Livestock



Evaluating Honey Bee Colonies for Pollination: A Guide for Growers and Beekeepers - Pacific Northwest Extension. In the United States it is estimated that managed honey bee colonies are annually responsible for the pollination of agricultural crops valued between $4 and $8 billion. Honey bees are accurately described as indispensable pollinators.

How to Reduce Bee Poisoning from Pesticides - Commercially managed honey bees pollinate a variety of crops in the West Coast region of the United States, including almonds, tree fruits, berries, kiwis, cotton, cucurbits, and crops grown for seed. This activity is economically significant.

Apiculture Guide - Various aspects of beekeeping or apiculture, including state inspection programs, beginning basics, income sources and budgets, insurance, Africanized bees, organic certification, and various bee pests and diseases.

Other Beekeeping Sources

Oregon Beekeepers Association - Oregon State Beekeepers Association is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the well-being of honey bees and to the fields of beekeeping, apiculture, research, and education.

The Bee Research Library - The Bee Research Laboratory conducts research on the biology and control of honey bee parasites, diseases, and pests to ensure an adequate supply of bees for pollination and honey production.

The National Honey Board - The National Honey Board is a federal research and promotion board under USDA oversight that conducts research marketing and promotion programs to help maintain and expand markets for honey and honey products.


Bison Production Guide - This publication takes a look at bison production and marketing practices. While not attempting to be comprehensive, it focuses on a number of areas that potential and current bison producers need to consider.

Training American Bison Calves - Calm handling of bison, an excitable animal, requires attention to detail and strategies that differ greatly from traditional animal handling, including cattle handling.

The Calming of American Bison During Routine Handling - The rationale for low stress handling, other than ethical concerns, can be justified on purely economical grounds.

Buffalo Handling Requirements - Quick reference guide on the basic requirements for buffalo handling, including fencing, pens, and chute.

Other Bison Resources

The National Bison Association - The National Bison Association brings together stakeholders to celebrate the heritage of American bison/buffalo, to educate, and to create a sustainable future for our industry.

Bison Basics - Prices paid for bison carcasses have fallen significantly in the past few years which makes a big difference in the economics of feeding bison for slaughter. This change has had a ripple effect in the industry and has driven down the prices of feeder and breeding stock.


Raising Ducks in Small Flocks - Ducks are raised to gain a source of food, a family learning experience, insect control, or interest and beauty in yards. There are numerous breeds and varieties, and stock can be obtained by purchasing hatching eggs, ducklings, or adult birds from hatcheries, retail sales outlets, or breeders.

Raising Ducks - About 22 million ducks are raised annually in the United States. Most are produced under confinement on specialized duck farms in a few commercially important duck production areas. However, many farms still raise a few ducks primarily for family use or local sale. This publication is intended for the latter group.

Raising Ducks Guide - Raising ducks actually depend on the purpose. Is the duck a new pet and companion for the family? Or is the duck going to be supper in the future? If the former is the better choice, then here are some tips to have a happy, healthy and lovable pet.


Aquaculture Enterprises: Considerations and Strategies -This publication surveys the important considerations for planning an aquaculture enterprise. It will help you identify the production system, species, and marketing strategy most appropriate to your situation.

Livestock Health Information

Oregon State University College of Veterinary Medicine - The College of Veterinary Medicine at OSU serves the needs of Oregon, the nation, and the world by training the next generation of practice-ready veterinarians, providing state-of-the-art diagnostic and clinical services, and supporting the continuing education of veterinary practitioners.

Integrated Parasite Management for Livestock - Internal parasites can be a major problem for producers. With parasites developing resistance to all dewormers and more farmers producing livestock by 'natural' methods, there is interest in looking for alternative ways to managing parasite problems. Management is the most important thing to consider. The whole system affects internal parasites. Nutrition and pasture management can help prevent problems by improving the health of the animals.

Merck Veterinary Manual - The Merck Manuals, is a series of books for human and animal health care professionals and for the general public. As a service to the community, the content of The Manuals is available free of charge in enhanced online versions. The online versions are updated periodically with new information and contain illustrations and audio and video material not present in the print versions.